Testimonials
Registrant WHOIS contact information verification

not verified

You have reached a domain that is pending ICANN verification.

As of January 1, 2014 the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) will mandate that all ICANN accredited registrars begin verifying the Registrant WHOIS contact information for all new domain registrations and Registrant contact modifications.

Why this domain has been suspended

Email address has not been verified.
This is a new domain registration and the Registrant email address has not been verified.

or

The Registrant contact data for this domain was modified but still requires verification.
Specifically the First Name, Last Name and/or email address have been changed and never verified.

If you're the site owner, reactivate your site

nicht überprüft

Sie haben eine Domäne erreicht, deren ICANN-Verifizierung noch aussteht.

Ab 1. Januar 2014 sind alle ICANN-zugelassenen Registrierungsstellen gemäß der Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) verpflichtet, die WHOIS-Kontaktdaten aller neuen Domänenregistrierungen, sowie Kontaktänderungen der Registranten zu überprüfen.

Warum diese Domäne gesperrt wurde

Die E-Mail-Adresse wurde nicht bestätigt.
Dies ist eine neue Domänenregistrierung und die E-Mail-Adresse des Registranten wurde nicht bestätigt.

oder

Die Kontaktdaten des Registranten für diese Domäne wurden geändert, und müssen noch bestätigt werden.
Insbesondere Vorname, Zuname bzw. E-Mail-Adresse wurden geändert, und wurden bisher noch nicht überprüft.

Wenn Sie Inhaber der Website sind, reaktivieren Sie Ihre Website

no verificado

Usted ha llegado a un dominio que está pendiente de verificación por parte de la ICANN.

A partir del 1 de enero de 2014 la corporación Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) exigirá a todos los registradores acreditados que realicen un procesos de verificación de la información de contacto publicada en el WHOIS, en todos los registros nuevos de dominios y cambios de titular.

Por qué se ha suspendido este dominio

La dirección de correo electrónica no se ha sido validada.
Este es un registro de dominio nuevo y la dirección de correo electrónico del titular registrado no se ha validado.

o

Los datos de contacto del titular registrado para este dominio se modificaron, pero aún están pendiente de ser validados.
Específicamente el primer nombre, apellido y/o correo electrónico han sido cambiados y todavía no han sido validados.

Si usted es el propietario del sitio, reactívelo

non vérifié

Vous êtes sur un domaine en attente de vérification.

À compter du 1er janvier 2014, l'Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) demandera à l'ensemble des bureaux d'enregistrement accrédités par l'ICANN de vérifier les informations de contact WHOIS des titulaires pour tous les nouveaux enregistrements de domaines et toutes les modifications des ces informations.

Pourquoi ce domaine a-t-il été suspendu?

L'adresse de courriel n'a pas été vérifiée.
Il s'agit de l'enregistrement d'un nouveau domaine et l'adresse de courriel du titulaire n'a pas été vérifiée.

ou

Les données de contact du titulaire pour ce domaine ont été modifiées, mais doivent néanmoins être vérifiées.
Spécifiquement, les nom, prénom et/ou adresse de courriel ont été modifiés, mais n'ont jamais été vérifiés.

Si vous êtes le propriétaire du site, réactivez-le.

não verificado

Você chegou a um domínio com verificação ICANN pendente.

Em 1º de janeiro de 2014, a Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) exigirá que todos os registradores certificados pela ICANN comecem a verificar as informações de contato WHOIS do registrante para todos os novos registros de domínio e modificações de contato do registrante.

Por que este domínio foi suspenso

O endereço de email não foi verificado.
Este é um novo registro de domínio e o endereço de email do registrante não foi verificado.

ou

Os dados de contato do registrante para este domínio foram modificados, mas ainda requerem verificação.
Especificamente o nome, o sobrenome e/ou o endereço de email foram alterados e nunca foram verificados.

Se você for o proprietário do website, reative-o.

ikke bekreftet

Du har kommet til et domene som avventer ICANN-verifisering.

Fra 1. januar 2014 vil Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) kreve at alle ICANN-akkrediterte registratorer starter bekreftelse av Registrator WHOIS kontaktinformasjon for alle nye domeneregistreringer og kontaktmodifikasjoner for registrator.

Hvorfor dette domenet har blitt avbrutt

E-psotadresse har ikke blitt bekreftet.
Dette er en ny domeneregistrering og registrators e-postadresse har ikke blitt bekreftet.

eller

Registrators kontaktdata for dette domenet ble modifisert, men krever alikevel verifisering.
Spesifikt har fornavn, etternavn og/eller e-postadresse blitt endret og aldri bekreftet.

Hvis du er sidens eier, reaktiver siden din

未验证

您访问的域正在等待 ICANN 验证。

自 2014 年 1 月 1 日起,Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) 将要求所有 ICANN 委任域名注册公司开始在注册所有新域和修改注册人联系信息时验证注册人 WHOIS 联系信息。

该域为何被挂起

电子邮件地址未验证。
这是新域注册并且注册人电子邮件地址未验证。

或者

该域的注册人联系信息已修改,但仍需验证。
特别是姓名和/或电子邮件地址已更改,但尚未验证。

如果您是站点所有者,请重新激活站点

未確認

ICANNの確認待ちのドメインに到達しました。

2014年1月1日付けで、Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN)は、すべてのICANN認定レジストラが、すべての新しいドメインの登録のための登録者のWHOIS連絡先情報と登録者連絡先の変更の確認を開始することを義務付けます。

このドメインが停止された理由は何ですか?

電子メールアドレスが確認されていません。
これは新しいドメイン登録で、登録者の電子メールアドレスが確認されていません。

または

このドメインの登録者の連絡先データは変更されましたが、まだ確認されていません。
具体的には、名、姓、および/または電子メールアドレスが変更されましたが、確認されていません。

サイトオーナーの場合は、サイトを再度アクティブにしてください

not verified

Dotarłeś na domenę, która oczekuje na weryfikację ICANN

Z dniem 1 stycznia 2014 Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) wymaga aby wszyscy akredytowani przez ICANN rejestratorzy rozpoczęli weryfikację danych abonenta, zapisanych w WHOIS, dla wszystkich nowych rejestracji domen oraz modyfikacji danych abonenta.

Dlaczego ta domena została zawieszona

Adres email nie został zweryfikowany.
Jest to rejestracja nowej domeny i adres email abonenta nie został jeszcze zweryfikowany.

lub

Dane abonenta domeny zostały zmodyfikowane, lecz nie zostały zweryfikowane.
W szczególności imię, nazwisko i/lub adres email zostały zmienione i nie zostały zweryfikowane.

Jeśli jesteś właścicielem tej domeny, możesz ją reaktywować

not verified

Il dominio è stato sospeso .

A partire dal 1 gennaio 2014, tutti i registrar accreditati ICANN - l'ente internazionale responsabile della gestione di tutti i domini di primo livello - devono verificare le informazioni di contatto WHOIS del cliente per tutte le nuove registrazioni di dominio e modifiche di contatto.

Perché questo dominio è stato sospeso

L'indirizzo email non è stato verificato.
È stata effettuata una nuova registrazione di un dominio e l'indirizzo email del proprietario non è stato verificato.

oppure

I dati di contatto del proprietario del dominio sono stati modificati ma non sono stati verificati (nome, cognome, indirizzo email).

Riattiva il tuo sito

Resend the verification email.
This will be sent to the Registrant email address populated in your WHOIS data. If you are unsure what email address is listed, please log into your account with the provider where you currently manage this domain to view and/or update the info.

Senden Sie eine neue Benachrichtigungs-E-Mail.
Diese wird an die bereits in Ihren WHOIS-Daten eingetragene E-Mail-Adresse des Registranten gesandt. Wenn Sie nicht sicher sind, welche E-Mail-Adresse aufgeführt ist, loggen Sie sich in Ihrem Konto bei dem Anbieter ein, wo Sie derzeit diese Domäne verwalten, um Ihre Daten einzusehen, bzw. zu aktualisieren.

Reenvie el correo electrónico de verificación.
Este se le enviará a la dirección de correo electrónico especificada en los datos WHOIS. Si no está seguro de que dirección de correo electrónico especificó, por favor consúltesela al registrador con el que inició los trámites de registro o bien solicite que se la modifiquen.

Renvoi du courriel de vérification.
Il sera envoyé à l'adresse du titulaire renseignée dans les données WHOIS. Si vous n'êtes pas sûr de l'adresse renseignée, connectez-vous à votre compte auprès du fournisseur via lequel vous gérez actuallement ce domaine afin de consulter et/ou de mettre à jour les informations.

Reenviar email de verificação.
Isso será enviado ao endereço de email do registrante preenchido nos dados WHOIS. Se não tiver certeza de qual endereço de email foi informado, efetue login na sua conta com o provedor em que você gerencia atualmente este domínio para visualizar e/ou atualizar as informações.

Send e-post med varsel på nytt.
Denne vil bli sendt til registrators e-postadresse fylt ut med dine WHOIS-data. Hvis du er usikker på hvilken e-postadresse som er oppført, logg inn på kontoen din med leverandøren du bruker til å forvalte dette domenet for å vise og/eller oppdatere informasjonen.

重新发送验证电子邮件。
该电子邮件将发送至您 WHOIS 数据中所填写的注册人电子邮件地址。如果不确定所填写的电子邮件地址,请在您当前管理该域的提供商处登录账户来查看和/或更新信息。

確認の電子メールを再送します。
これはWHOISデータ内に入力された登録者の電子メールアドレスに送信されます。電子メールアドレスが記載されているかどうかわからない場合は、このドメインを現在管理しているプロバイダーのアカウントにログインして、情報を確認および/または更新してください。

Wyślij ponownie email weryfikacyjny.
Email zostanie wysłany na adres email abonenta domeny widniejący w bazie WHOIS. Jeśli nie jesteś pewien, jaki to jest adres email, zaloguj się na swoje konto u rejestratora domen, u którego utrzymujesz tę domenę. Możesz tam sprawdzić adres email i/lub zaktualizować dane.

Nuovo invio dell'email di verifica.
L'email di verifica sarà inviata nuovamente all'indirizzo email del proprietario del dominio presente nei dati WHOIS. Per controllare quale sia l'indirizzo email presente nei dati WHOIS, si consiglia di accedere al proprio account sul provider che attualmente gestisce il dominio.

Click the link in the email
and your contact information will be immediately verified. We estimate the site will come back online within 24 to 48 hours.

Klicken Sie auf den Link in der E-Mail
und Ihre Kontaktdaten werden sofort bestätigt. Wir schätzen, dass die Website innerhalb 24 bis 48 Stunden wieder online sein wird.

Haga clic en el vínculo que está en el correo electrónico
y su información de contacto se verificará inmediatamente. Estimamos que el sitio volverá a estar en línea en un lapso de 24 a 48 horas.

Cliquez sur le lien dans le courriel
et vos informations de contact seront immédiatement vérifiées. Nous estimons que le site sera de nouveau disponible dans 24 à 48 heures.

Clique no link no email
e suas informações de contato serão verificadas imediatamente. Estimamos que o site volte a ficar online dentro de 24 a 48 horas.

Klikk på linken i e-posten
og kontaktinformasjonen din vil bli øyeblikkelig bekreftet. Vi anslår at siden vil være online igjen innen 24 til 48 timer.

单击电子邮件中的链接
,您的联系信息将立即验证。我们估计站点将在 24 到 48 小时内恢复联机状态。

電子メール内のリンクをクリックすると、
連絡先情報が即座に確認されます。私たちは、24~48時間以内にサイトがオンラインに戻ると予想しています。

Kliknij w link zawarty w wiadomości
a Twoje dane kontaktowe zostaną natychmiast zweryfikowane. Szacujemy, że działanie domeny będzie przywrócone w czasie od 24 do 48 godzin.

Appena riceverai l'email,
clicca sul link per verificare le informazioni. Il sito dovrebbe tornare online entro 24/48 ore.

Frequently asked questions

Why was my domain suspended?
ICANN requires that the domain registrant's contact information or changes to the registrant's WHOIS information be verified within 15 calendar days. If the data is not verified in this timeframe, ICANN mandates that the website be suspended pending the verification.

How can I remove the suspension on my domain?
The suspension of the domain will be removed after the WHOIS information is successfully verified. Please update the WHOIS information with complete and accurate contact details through your domain service provider. Once updated you will recieve a new verification email.

Once the suspension is removed, when will my website come back online?
We estimate it may take 24 to 48 hours for the website to come back online.

Who is ICANN?
ICANN is responsible for the coordination of the global Internet's systems of unique identifiers and, in particular, ensuring its' stable and secure operation. ICANN maintains policies and specifications for registrars and registrants to abide by.

What is WHOIS?
WHOIS services provide public access to data on registered domain name holders. Registered Name Holders are required to provide accurate and reliable contact details to their Registrar to update WHOIS data for a Registered Name.

Häufig gestellte Fragen

Warum wurde meine Domäne gesperrt?
ICANN schreibt vor, dass Kontaktdaten der Registranten von Domänen, oder Änderungen dieser WHOIS-Daten innerhalb von 15 Tagen überprüft werden müssen. Können die Daten in diesem Zeitraum nicht bestätigt werden, so wird die Website gemäß ICANN bis zur Verifizierung gesperrt.

Wie kann ich die Sperre von meiner Domäne entfernen?
Die Sperre der Domäne wird entfernt, sobald die WHOIS-Daten erfolgreich bestätigt sind. Bitte aktualisieren Sie über Ihren Dienstanbieter der Domäne die WHOIS-Daten mit vollständigen und genauen Kontaktdaten. Nach der Aktualisierung werden Sie eine neue Verifizierungs-E-Mail erhalten.

Wie lange dauert es nach Aufhebung der Sperre, bis meine Website wieder online ist?
Wir schätzen, dass es 24 bis 48 Stunden dauern kann, bis die Website wieder online ist.

Wer ist ICANN?
ICANN ist verantwortlich für die Koordinierung spezifischer Erkennungsmarker der globalen Systeme des Internets, und insbesondere für die Gewährleistung ihrer stabilen und sicheren Funktion. ICANN verwaltet Richtlinien und Spezifikationen, die von Registrierungsstellen und Registranten eingehalten werden müssen.

Was ist WHOIS?
WHOIS-Dienste bieten Zugang zu den Daten der registrierten Domäneninhaber. Registrierte Domäneninhaber sind verpflichtet, ihren Registrierungsstellen für registrierte Domänennamen genaue und zuverlässige Kontaktdaten zur Aktualisierung der WHOIS-Daten zur Verfügung zu stellen.

Preguntas frecuentas

¿Por qué mi dominio fue suspendido?
ICANN exige que la información de contacto de la persona que registra el dominio o cambios a la información WHOIS de la persona registrada sean validados en un plazo de 15 días. Si los datos no se verifican en este lapso de tiempo, ICANN exige que el sitio web sea suspendido en espera de la verificación.

¿Cómo puedo eliminar la suspensión de mi dominio?
La suspensión del dominio será levantada una vez que la información WHOIS sea verificada. Por favor actualice la información WHOIS con detalles precisos y completos a través de su proveedor de servicio. Una vez que se actualice, recibirá un nuevo correo electrónico de verificación.

¿Cuándo estará disponible en línea nuevamente mi sitio web una vez que se levante la suspensión?
Estimamos que el sitio web pudiera tardar de 24 a 48 horas en estar disponible en línea nuevamente.

¿Qués es ICANN?
ICANN es la organización responsable de la coordinación de los identificadores únicos de los sistemas globales de Internet y, en particular, se encarga de asegurar su operación sea segura y estable. ICANN mantiene políticas y especificaciones para su cumplimiento por parte de registradores y registrantes.

¿Qué es WHOIS?
Los servicios WHOIS proveen acceso público a los datos de los titulares de nombres de dominio registrados. Los titulares de nombres registrados deberán suministrar información de contacto precisa y fiable a su registrador para actualizar los datos WHOIS de un Nombre Registrado.

Foire aux questions

Pourquoi mon domaine a-t-il été suspendu ?
L'ICANN exige que les informations de contact du titulaire ou modifications de ses informations WHOIS soient vérifiées dans les 15 jours calendaires. Si les données ne sont pas vérifiées dans le délai imparti, l'ICANN demande la suspension du site dans l'attente de la vérification.

Comment puis-je annuler la suspension de mon domaine ?
La suspension du domaine sera annulée dès que les informations WHOIS auront effectivement été vérifiées. Veuillez mettre à jour les informations WHOIS en indiquant des coordonnées de contact complètes et précises à votre fournisseur de domaine. Vous recevrez un courriel pour la nouvelle vérification une fois que vous aurez effectué cette mise à jour.

Une fois la suspension annulée, quand mon site Web sera-t-il de nouveau en ligne ?
Nous estimons que 24 à 48 heures peuvent être nécessaires pour que le site soit à nouveau disponible.

Qu'est-ce que l'ICANN ?
L'ICANN est responsable de la coordination des systèmes d'identifiants uniques sur Internet dans le monde et, en particulier, pour en garantir la stabilité et la sécurité. L'ICANN disposent de politiques et spécifications que les bureaux d'enregistrement et titulaires doivent respecter.

Qu'est-ce que WHOIS ?
Les services WHOIS permettent au public d'avoir accès aux données relatives au titulaires de noms de domaine enregistrés. Les titulaires de noms enregistrés doivent fournir des coordonnées de contact précises et fiables à leur bureau d'enregistrement afin de permettre la mise à jour des données WHOIS pour le nom de domaine enregistré.

Perguntas frequentes

Por que meu domínio foi suspenso?
A ICANN exige que as informações de contato do registrante do domínio ou alterações a informações WHOIS do registrante sejam verificadas dentro de 15 dias corridos. Se os dados não forem verificados nesse período, a ICANN determinar que o website seja suspenso enquanto a verificação estiver pendente.

Como posso remover a suspensão do meu domínio?
A suspensão do domínio será removida depois de as informações WHOIS serem verificadas com sucesso. Atualize as informações WHOIS com detalhes de contato completos e precisos pelo seu provedor de serviço de domínio. Depois da atualização, você receberá um email de verificação.

Depois que a suspensão for removida, quando meu website voltar a ficar online?
Estimamos que possa levar de 24 a 48 horas para o website voltar a ficar online.

Quem é a ICANN?
A ICANN é responsável pela coordenação dos sistemas global de identificadores únicos da Internet e, em particular, por garantir sua operação estável e segura. A ICANN mantém políticas e especificações a serem cumpridas por registradores e registrantes.

O que é a WHOIS?
Os serviços da WHOIS fornecem acesso público aos dados em detentores de nomes de domínio registrados. Os detentores de nomes de domínio registrados devem fornecer detalhes de contato precisos e confiáveis para o registrador atualizar os dados WHOIS para um nome registrado.

Ofte stilte spørsmål

Hvorfor ble domenet mitt opphevet?
ICANN krever at domeneregistrators kontaktinformasjon eller endringer i registratorens WHOIS-informasjon må bekreftes innen 15 kalenderdager. Hvis dataene ikke bekreftes innen denne tidsrammen, krever ICANN at nettsiden oppheves i påvente av verifisering.

Hvordan kan jeg fjerne opphevingen av mitt domene?
Opphevelsen av domenet vil fjernes etter at WHOIS-informasjonen har blitt verifisert. Oppdater WHOIS-informasjonen med fullstendige og nøyaktige kontaktdetaljer gjennom din domene-leverandør. Når siden er oppdatert vil du motta en ny e-post med bekreftelse.

Når opphevingen er fjernet, når kommer nettsiden min opp igjen?
Vi anslår at det kan ta mellom 24 til 48 timer før nettsiden igjen er online.

Hvem er ICANN?
ICANN er ansvarlig for koordineringen av det globale internett-systemets unike identifikatorer, og spesielt å sirke dets stabile og sikre drift. ICANN opprettholder policyer og spesifikasjoner som registratorer og registranter må overholde.

Hva er WHOIS?
WHOIS-tjenester gir offentlig adgang til data på registrerte eiere av domenenavn. Registrerte navn-eiere må oppgi nøyaktige og pålitelige kontaktdetaljer til sin registrator for å oppdatere WHOIS-data for et registrert navn.

常见问题

我的域为何被挂起?
ICANN 要求在 15 个日历日内验证域注册人联系信息或注册人 WHOIS 信息的更改。如果数据未在此时间范围内验证,ICANN 要求将网站挂起等待验证。

如何解除域的挂起状态?
WHOIS 信息验证成功后域的挂起状态将解除。请使用完整准确的详细联系信息通过您的域服务提供商更新 WHOIS 信息。更新完成后,您将收到一封新的验证电子邮件。

挂起状态解除后,我的网站何时恢复联机状态?
我们估计大约需要 24 到 48 小时网站即可恢复联系状态。

谁是 ICANN?
ICANN 负责全球协调全球互联网的唯一标识符系统,特别是确保其稳定和安全运行。ICANN 维护注册公司和注册人都需要遵守的政策和规范。

什么是 WHOIS?
WHOIS 服务使公众可访问有关注册域名持有者的数据。注册域名持有者需要向其注册公司提供准确可靠的详细联系信息以便更新注册域名的 WHOIS 数据。

よくある質問

ドメインが停止した理由は何ですか?
ICANNは、ドメインの登録者の連絡先情報または登録者のWHOIS情報への変更が15暦日以内に確認されることを要求します。この時間枠内にデータが確認されない場合、ICANNは、確認されるまで、ウェブサイトの停止を命じます。

どのようにすればドメインの停止を解除できますか?
ドメインの停止は、WHOIS情報が適切に確認された後、解除されます。 ドメインサービスプロバイダーを介して、WHOIS情報を完全かつ正確な連絡先情報で更新してください。更新したら、新しい確認の電子メールを受け取ります。

停止が解除されたら、いつウェブサイトはオンラインに戻りますか?
私たちは、ウェブサイトがオンラインに戻るのに24~48時間かかる可能性があると予想しています。

ICANNとは誰ですか?
ICANNは、ユニークな識別子のある世界中のインターネットのシステムの調整に責任を負い、その安定した、安全な稼働を確保します。ICANNは、レジストラと登録者が遵守すべき方針と仕様を維持します。

WHOISとは何ですか?
WHOISのサービスは、登録済みのドメイン名ホルダーに関するデータへの公共のアクセスを実現します。登録名ホルダーは、レジストラに正確で信頼できる連絡先情報を提供して、登録名のWHOISデータを更新する必要があります。

Często zadawane pytania

Dlaczego moja domena została zawieszona?
ICANN wymaga aby każde dane abonenta domeny lub zmiany wprowadzone do danych abonenta zapisanych w bazie WHOIS były zweryfikowane w ciągu 15 dni kalendarzowych. Jeśli dane nie zostaną zweryfikowane w tym czasie, ICANN wymaga aby serwis internetowy został zawieszony do momentu zakończenia weryfikacji.

Jak mogę usunąć blokadę mojej domeny?
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April 23, 2015

Determining Option Strategies on NFLX

Compared to trading equities, there are so many more option strategies available to an option trader. But more importantly: Do you know why there are so many different types of options strategies? This is the real root of our discussion and why getting a proper options education can help a trader better understand all of those strategies and when and how to use them.

Different options strategies exist because each one serves a unique purpose for a unique market condition. For example, take bullish NFLX traders. Now that the stock has recently gapped up big after earnings and has broken through several resistance areas and is now trading around its all-time high, there are traders who continue to be extremely bullish on the stock. Some option traders want to get more bang for their buck and buy short-term out-of-the-money calls. This might not be the most prudent way to capture profits but that is a discussion for another time. Less bullish traders might buy at- or in-the-money calls. Traders bullish just to a point may buy a limited risk/limited reward bull call spread. If implied volatility is high (which it currently is not but it has been rising) and the trader is bullish just to a point, the trader might sell a bull put spread (credit spread), and so on.

The differences in options strategies, no matter how apparently minor, help traders exploit something slightly different each time. Traders should consider all the nuances that affect the profitability (or potential loss) of an option position and, in turn, structure a position that addresses each difference. Traders need to consider the following criteria:

  • Directional bias
  • Degree of bullishness or bearishness
  • Conviction
  • Time horizon
  • Risk/reward
  • Implied volatility
  • Bid-ask spreads
  • Commissions
  • And more

Carefully defining your outlook and intentions and selecting the best options strategies makes all the difference in a trader’s long-term success. Leaving money on the table with winners, or taking losses bigger than necessary can be unfortunate byproducts of selecting inappropriate options strategies. With summer coming soon and supposedly the slow markets, now is a great time to spend optimizing your options strategies over the next few weeks to build the habit!

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

April 15, 2015

Fractal Position Management

Option traders have to manage risk. Want a job description? That’s about it. In fact that is a job description for every trader; even ones that don’t trade options. Every trade has a risk and reward associated with it and traders must realize that especially when first learning how to trade. Because options are instruments of leverage, it is very easy to let risk get out of control, if you’re not careful. Traders must manage risk carefully, instituting tight leashes on their options, spreads and portfolio. The management technique of each is essentially the same because position management is fractal.

Something that is fractal has a recurring pattern that has continuity within its scale. For example, a tree is fractal. A tree has a trunk with limbs extending from it; limbs with smaller branches extending from it; smaller branches with yet smaller branches; and leaves with veins that branch off within each leaf. The pattern is repetitive within each iteratively smaller extension of the last. This is found in option position management too.

Individual options have risk that must be managed. They have direction, time and volatility risk which are managed by setting thresholds for each of the corresponding “greeks” which measure them. When individual options are a part of a spread, the resulting spread has these same risks of direction time and volatility. The spread’s risk must consequently be managed likewise. A trader’s complete option portfolio, which may be comprised of many spreads has systematic risk in accordance to the market. These risks are the same as for individual options or individual spreads: direction, time and volatility. Traders should treat their all encompassing portfolio as a single spread and use the portfolio “greeks” to set parameters to minimize the total risk of the portfolio.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

April 2, 2015

Options and Earnings Season

With Alcoa expected to announce their earnings this coming week and a plethora of companies shortly afterwards, it is probably a good time to review how an option price can be influenced.

Perhaps the most easily understood of the option price influences is the price of the underlying. All stock traders are familiar with the impact of the underlying stock price alone on their trades. The technical and fundamental analyses of the underlying stock price action are well beyond the scope of this discussion, but it is sufficient to say it is one of the three pricing factors and probably the most familiar to traders learning to trade.

The option price influence of time is easily understood in part because it is the only one of the forces restricted to unidirectional movement. The main reason that time impacts option positions significantly is a result of the existence of time (extrinsic) premium. Depending on the risk profile of the option strategy established, the passage of time can impact the trade either negatively or positively.

The third option price influence in relation to earnings season is perhaps the most important. It is without question the most neglected and overlooked component; implied volatility. Because we will be in the midst of earnings season soon, it can become even a greater influence over the price of options than usual. Implied volatility taken together with time defines the magnitude of the extrinsic option premium.

The value of implied volatility is generally inversely correlated to the price of the underlying and represents the aggregate trader’s view of the future volatility of the underlying. Because implied volatility responds to the subjective view of future volatility, values can ebb and flow as a result of upcoming events expected to impact price like a quarterly earnings announcement. In addition, FDA decisions, potential takeovers and sometimes product announcements can also effect the implied volatility and option prices just to name a few more.

New traders beginning to become familiar with the world of options trading should spend a fair amount of time learning the impact of each of these option price influences. The options markets can be ruthlessly unforgiving to those who choose to ignore them especially over earnings season.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

March 12, 2015

Implied Volatility and Bull Put Spreads

Implied volatility (IV) has been relatively low in the market until recently. With recent downturn in the market, some implied volatility levels have increased of of their recent lows. Implied volatility by definition is the estimated future volatility of a stock’s price. More often than not, IV increases during a bearish market (or a sell off like we have been seeing) and decreases during a bullish market. The reasoning behind this comes from the belief that a bearish market is more risky than a bullish market. The jury is still out on whether this current bullish market can continue through the summer but regardless, now may be a good time to review a strategy that can take advantage of higher implied volatility even if it doesn’t happen this week. Option traders need to be prepared for all types of trading environments.

Reasoning and Dimensions

Selling bull put spreads during a period of high implied volatility can be a wise strategy, as options are more “expensive” and an option trader will receive a higher premium than if he or she sold the bull put spread during a time of low or average implied volatility. In addition, if the implied volatility decreases over the life of the spread, the spread’s premium will also decrease based on the option vega of the spread. Option vega measures the option’s sensitivity to changes in the volatility of the underlying asset. The implied volatility may decrease if the market or the underlying moves higher.

Outlook and the VIX

Let’s take a look at an example of selling a bull put spread during a time of high implied volatility. In this recent environment, the CBOE Market Volatility Index (VIX) has recently moved from just below 14 percent to about 17 percent in about two weeks which was accompanied by a decline in the market over that same time period. The VIX measures the implied volatility of S&P 500 index options and it typically represents the market’s expectation of stock market volatility. Usually when the VIX rises, so does the implied volatility of options. Despite the drop, let’s say a trader is fairly bullish on XYZ stock. With the option premiums increased because of the implied volatility increasing, a trader decides to sell a bull put spread on XYZ, which is trading around $53 in this example.

Selling the Spread

To sell a bull put spread, the trader might sell one put option contract at the 52.5 strike and buy one at the 50 strike. The short 52.5 put has a price of 1.90, in this example, and the 50 strike is at 0.90. The net premium received is 1.00 (1.90 – 0.90) which is the maximum profit potential. Maximum profit would be achieved if XYZ closed above $52.50 at expiration. The most the trader can lose is 1.50 (2.50 – 1.00) which is the difference between the strike prices minus the credit received. The bull put spread would break even if the stock is at $51.50 ($52.50 – $1.00) at expiration. In other words, XYZ can fall $0.50 and the spread would still be at its maximum profit potential at expiration. If the VIX was still at 12 percent like it had been previously, the implied volatility of these options could be lower and the trader might only be able to sell the spread for 0.90 versus 1.00 when it was at 18%. Subsequently the max loss would be 0.10 higher too. In addition, if the IV decreases before expiration (like it has been known to do if the underlying rises), the spread will also decrease based on the option vega which could decrease the spread’s premium faster than if the IV stayed the same or if it rose.

Final Thoughts

When examining possible option plays and implied volatility is at a level higher than normal, traders may be drawn to credit spreads like the bull put spread. The advantage of a correctly implemented bull put spread is that it can profit from either a neutral or bullish move in the stock and selling premium that is higher than normal.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

February 5, 2015

What is an Option Strangle?

An option strangle is an option strategy that option traders can use when they think there is an imminent move in the underlying but the direction is uncertain. With an option strangle, the trader is betting on both sides of a trade by purchasing a put and a call generally just out-of-the-money (OTM), but with the same expiration. By buying a put and a call that are OTM, an option trader pays a lower initial price than with an option straddle where the call and put purchased share the same strike price. However, this comes with a price so-to-speak; the stock will have to make a much larger move than if the option straddle were implemented because the breakeven points of the trade will be further out due to buying both options OTM. The trader is, arguably, taking a larger risk (because a bigger move is needed than with an option straddle), but is paying a lower price. Like many trade strategies there are pros and cons to each. If this or any other option strategy sounds a little overwhelming to you, I would invite you to checkout the Options Education section on our website.

The Particulars

An option strangle has two breakeven points just like the option straddle. To calculate these points simply add the net premium (call premium + put premium) to the strike price of the call (for upside breakeven) and subtract the net premium from the put’s strike (to calculate downside breakeven). If at expiration, the stock has advanced or dropped past one of these breakeven points, the profit potential of the strategy is unlimited (for upside moves). The position will take a 100% loss if the stock is trading between the put and call strikes upon expiration. Remember that the maximum loss a trader can take on an option strangle is the net premium paid.

Implied Volatility

The implied volatility (IV) of the options plays a key role in an option strangle as well. With no short options in this spread, the IV exposure is concentrated. When IV is considered low compared to historical volatility (HV), it is a relatively “cheap” time to buy options. Since the option strangle involves buying a call and put, buying “cheaper” options is critical. If the IV is expected to increase after the option strangle is initiated, this could increase the option premiums with all other factors held constant which is certainly a bonus for long option strangle holders.

Example Trade

To create an option strangle, a trader will purchase one out-of-the-money (OTM) call and one OTM put. An option trader may think Apple Inc. (AAPL) looks good for a potential option strangle since at the time of this writing, it is teetering around its all-time high at $120. With IV lower than HV and the trader unsure in what direction the Apple stock may move, the option strangle could be the way to go. The trader would buy both an March 125 call and an March 115 put. For simplicity, we will assign a price of 2.00 for both – resulting in an initial investment of $4 (2 + 2) for our trader (which again is the maximum potential loss).

Apple Stock Rallies

Should the Apple stock rally past the call’s breakeven point which is $129 (125 + 4) at expiration, the 115 put expires worthless and the $125 call expires in-the-money (ITM) resulting in the strangle trader collecting on the position. If, for example at expiration the stock is trading at $133 which means the intrinsic value of the call $8 (133 – 125), the profit is $4 (8 – 4) which represents the intrinsic value less the premium paid.

Apple Stock Declines

The same holds true if the stock falls below the put’s breakeven point at expiration. The put is in ITM and the call expires worthless. At expiration, if Apple stock is trading below the put’s breakeven point of the trade which is $111 (115 – 4), a profit will be realized. The danger is that Apple stock finishes between $111 and $129 as expiration occurs. In this case, both legs of the position expire worthless and the initial 4, or $400 of actual cash, is lost.

Maximum Loss

Notice that the maximum loss is the initial premium paid, setting a nice limit to potential losses. Profits and losses can be realized way before expiration and it is up to the trader to decide how and when to close the position. Potential profits on the strangle are unlimited which can be very rewarding but as always, a traders needs to decide how he or she will manage the position.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

January 14, 2015

Implied Volatility May Continue to Swing

The last several months, the market has shown some good movement with some wild swings. The S&P 500 and Dow set their all-time highs once again, and then promptly moved lower. Now we are about to start the next earnings season and the roller-coaster ride may continue. It is important for option traders to understand one of the most important steps when learning to trade options; analyzing implied volatility and historical volatility. This is the way option traders can gain edge in their trades. But analyzing implied volatility and historical volatility is often an overlooked process making some trades losers from the start. An option trader needs to look back at the last couple of months of option trading to see how volatility played a crucial part in option pricing and how it will help them going forward.

Implied Volatility and Historical Volatility
Historical volatility (HV) is the volatility experienced by the underlying stock, stated in terms of annualized standard deviation as a percentage of the stock price. Historical volatility is helpful in comparing the volatility of a stock with another stock or to the stock itself over a period of time. For example, a stock that has a 30 historical volatility is less volatile than a stock with a 35 historical volatility. Additionally, a stock with a historical volatility of 45 now is more volatile than it was when its historical volatility was, say, 30.

In contrast to historical volatility, which looks at actual stock prices in the past, implied volatility (IV) looks forward. Implied volatility is often interpreted as the market’s expectation for the future volatility of a stock. Implied volatility can be derived from the price of an option. Specifically, implied volatility is the expected future volatility of the stock that is implied by the price of the stock’s options. For example, the market (collectively) expects a stock that has a 20 implied volatility to be less volatile than a stock with a 30 implied volatility. The implied volatility of an asset can also be compared with what it was in the past. If a stock has an implied volatility of 40 compared with a 20 implied volatility, say, a month ago, the market now considers the stock to be more volatile. A recent example of the implied volatility increasing was the debt ceiling crisis. There was some concern that the government would not hammer out a compromise and thus default which put fear into the market and increased implied volatility.

Analyzing Volatility
Implied volatility and historical volatility is analyzed by using a volatility chart. A volatility chart tracks the implied volatility and historical volatility over time in graphical form. It is a helpful guide that makes it easy to compare implied volatility and historical volatility. But, often volatility charts are misinterpreted by new or less experienced option traders.

Regular users of volatility charts need to perform three separate analyses. First, they need to compare current implied volatility with current historical volatility. This helps the trader understand how volatility is being priced into options in comparison with the stock’s volatility. If the two are disparate, an opportunity might exist to buy or sell volatility (i.e., options) at a “good” price. In general, if implied volatility is higher than historical volatility it gives some indication that option prices may be high. If implied volatility is below historical volatility, this may mean option prices are discounted. High is giid for selling and low is good for buying option premium.

But that is not where the story ends. Traders must also compare implied volatility now with implied volatility in the past. This helps traders understand whether implied volatility is high or low in relative terms. If implied volatility is higher than typical, it may be expensive, making it a good a sell; if it is below its normal level it may still be a good buy.

Finally, traders need to complete their analysis by comparing historical volatility at this time with what historical volatility was in the recent past. The historical volatility chart can indicate whether current stock volatility is more or less than it typically is. If current historical volatility is higher than it was typically in the past, the stock is now more volatile than normal.

If current implied volatility doesn’t justify the higher-than-normal historical volatility, the trader can capitalize on the disparity known as the skew by buying options priced too cheaply.

Conversely, if historical volatility has fallen below what has been typical in the past, traders need to look at implied volatility to see if an opportunity to sell exists. If implied volatility is high compared with historical volatility, it could be a sell signal.

The Art and Science of Implied Volatility and Historical Volatility
Analyzing implied volatility and historical volatility on volatility charts is both an art and a science. The basics are shown here. But there are lots of ways implied volatility and historical volatility can interact. Each volatility scenario is different like an expected earnings announcement or a general fear of the economy. Understanding both implied volatility and historical volatility combined with a little experience helps traders use volatility to their advantage and gain edge on each trade and that is precisely what every trader needs.

Now you know a little more about how implied volatility can affect options, it is time to put that knowledge to use and get the edge in your trades!

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

December 11, 2014

The Iron Condor

An iron condor occurs when a trader combines a bear call spread and a bull put spread. It is essentially combining two credit spreads as one trade. The trade is executed by buying a lower-strike out-of-the-money put and selling an out-of-the-money put with a higher strike. Then the trader sells an out-of-the-money call with a higher strike and buys another out-of-the-money call with an even higher strike. Learning to trade more advanced option strategies like an iron condor is not essential for option traders but it can give you more means in which to possibly extract money from the market.

A short iron condor consists of four legs as described above and results in a net credit received. As for profit potential, the maximum potential profit is the initial credit received upon entering the trade. This profit will occur if the underlying stock price, on expiration date, is between the two middle (short) strikes.

One of the rationales behind selling an iron condor is implied volatility (implied volatility is – simply defined – the volatility component of an option price). When IV is inflated (meaning the implied volatility has pushed the option price higher) it lifts the premium values for option sellers. In addition, the profitable range on the short iron condor can be rather large depending on how it is implemented. Certainly the larger the profitable range, the smaller the maximum profit and the greater the risk. The smaller the profitable range,  the larger the maximum profit will be and there will be less overall risk but there is less of a chance the underlying will remain in that range. Like many spreads in option trading, there is a trade-off.

One of the benefits of a short iron condor (and potentially options in general) is limited risk. For short condors, the maximum loss comes when the underlying stock price drops below the lowest strike (long put) or above the highest strike (long call). If you want an equation for max loss, think of it as the difference in strike prices of the two lower-strike options (or the two higher-strike options) less the initial credit for entering the trade.

Being that earnings season is mostly behind us, it is not a major concern at this time. But when the season does return (and it will),  it may be best to construct the iron condor to expire before the actual announcement. If not, then it may be best to exit the trade before the announcement especially if the trade is profitable up to that point.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

November 17, 2014

Delta and Another Famous Greek

We all know options are derivatives, and their prices are derived from the underlying stock, index, or ETF. But with other factors at work such as implied volatility, time decay and the constant changing of prices, it may be difficult to gauge how much option prices will change. Certainly these are all important factors to consider when pricing options.  But have you ever wondered how much an option is going to change with respect to say the underlying? Very simple – check out its delta.

Delta is arguably the most heavily identifiable Greek (unless you count Socrates or Aristotle) especially by individuals learning to trade options. It offers a quick and relatively easy way to tell us what to expect from our option positions as we watch the price action of the underlying. Calls have positive deltas, as they typically move higher on a rise in the stock, and puts have negative deltas, as they typically move lower when the stock rises.

While some investors view delta as the percentage chance an option has of expiring in-the-money, it is really more of a way to project expected appreciation or depreciation. A delta of 0.50 for an AAPL call option suggests the option should move 50 cents higher when the AAPL moves up by a dollar, and lose 50 cents for every dollar AAPL moves lower.

But delta is only foolproof when all other factors are held constant, which is rarely the case (and certainly never the case for time decay). As option traders know, time decay is inevitable for all options particularly hurting long positions due to option premiums shrinking due to the passing of time. If an option is moving more (or less) than its delta would suggest, it is likely because other variables are shifting. For example, buying demand might be pushing implied volatility higher, raising the price of the options.

Still, this king of all Greeks is a good starting point for gauging how your options are likely to move. Option traders should consider mastering this option greek before moving on to the other greeks. Here at Market Taker Mentoring, we have many programs to teach you about option delta and much much more about all things options by experienced professionals. As Socrates once said, “Employ your time in improving yourself by other men’s writings, so that you shall gain easily what others have labored hard for.”

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

October 15, 2014

Debit Spread Versus Credit Spread

Students in my Group Coaching class as well as my one-on-one students ask me all the time how do you decide between buying a debit spread and selling a credit spread? This is inherently a discussion that could fill a thick book so I will just try to give you a few thoughts to consider.

Risk and Reward

A debit spread such as a bull call spread or a bear put spread is considered to have a better risk/reward ratio then a credit spread such as a bull put spread or a bear call spread. Usually the reason is because the debit spread is implemented close to where the stock is currently trading with an expected move higher or lower. A credit spread is many times initiated out-of-the-money (OTM) in anticipation the spread will expire worthless or close to worthless. For example, if a stock is trading at $50 and an option trader expects the stock to move about $5 higher the trader could buy a 50 call and sell a 55 call. If the 50 call cost the trader $5 and $3 was received for selling the 55 call, the bull call (debit) spread would cost the trader $2 (also the maximum loss) and have a maximum profit of $3 (5 (strike difference) – 2 (cost)) if the stock was trading at or above $55 at expiration. Thus the risk/reward ratio would be 1/1.5.

If the option trader was unsure if the $50 stock was going to move higher but felt the stock would at least stay above a support area around $45 the trader could sell a 45 put and buy a 40 put. If a credit of $1 was received for selling the 45 put and it cost the trader $0.50 to buy the 40 put, a net credit would be received of $0.50 for selling the bull put (credit) spread. The maximum gain for the spread is $0.50 if the stock is trading at $45 or higher at expiration and the maximum loss is $4.50 (5 (strike difference) – 0.50 (premium received)) if the stock is trading at or below $40 at expiration. Thus the risk reward ratio would be 9/1.

Probability

The risk/reward ratio on the credit spread does not sound like something an option trader would strive for does it? Think of it this way though, the probability of the credit spread profiting are substantially better than the debit spread. The debit spread most certainly needs the stock to move higher at some point to profit. If the stock stays at $50 or moves lower, the calls will expire worthless and a loss is incurred from the initial debit ($2). With the credit spread, the stock can effectively do three things and it would still be able to profit. The stock can move above $50, trade sideways and even drop to $45 at expiration and the credit spread would expire worthless and the trader would keep the initial premium received ($0.50). I like to say OTM credit spreads have three out of four ways of making money and debit spreads usually have one way depending on how the spread is initiated.

Implied Volatility

Another thing to consider when considering either a debit or credit spread is the implied volatility of the options. In general, when implied volatility is low, options are “cheap” which may be advantageous for buying options including debit spreads. When options are “expensive”, it may be advantageous to sell options including credit spreads. Option traders that are considering selling a credit spread should also take into account if the implied volatility is perceived as being high. Just the opposite, option traders that are considering buying a debit spread prefer the implied volatility to be low. As a general rule of thumb, I look at the 30-day IV over the last year and make note of the 52-week high and 52-week low. If the current 30-day IV is below 50% (closer to the 52-week low), I look at it is more of an advantage to do a debit spread over a credit spread. If the current 30-day IV is above 50% and closer to the 52-week high, I look at it as an advantage to implement a credit spread over a debit spread. I will not change my outlook like switching to a debit spread from a credit spread because the IV is relatively low. If this is the case, an option trader should maybe consider looking somewhere else for profit.

There are several factors to consider when choosing between a debit spread and a credit spread. The risk/reward of the spread, the probability of the trade profiting, the implied volatility of the options and the outlook for the underlying are just a few to consider. A trader always wants to put the odds on his or her side to increase the chances if extracting money from the market.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

September 25, 2014

The World Series and Exits for an Options Trader

The World Series playoffs are about to begin and it is the most exciting time of the year if you are a fan of baseball. But did you ever stop and think for a minute how these fantastic athletes got to be where they are? It took a lot of dedication, courage and a well thought out plan to make it to their elite level. If that sounds familiar it should because those same attributes are what it takes to learn to trade and become a successful options trader.

Need a Plan

You might be dedicated and have the courage to be an options trader, but do you have a trading plan that you follow? I talk to a lot of option traders and sadly it is true. Option traders spend a lot of time looking for solid trades that they often neglect probably the most important part: the management of the trade. If that is you take a little solace because you are not alone.

A simple way to combat this problem is by having a plan in place before even entering the trade. This is the psychological part of trading. Having a plan in place will remove emotions from getting in the way of decision making and possibly producing unwanted results. Should I stay in the trade or should I exit? Decisions like that should not be made after the trade is executed because many option traders can become too emotional when the trade is in progress especially when they are losing money on the trade. Here are a few things to consider about trade management.

Plan Should Include Determining Exits

Option traders should think about how they are determining their exits for profit and loss. Don’t forget to consider how the greeks and the implied volatility may be affected if the outlook or environment changes. In a volatile market like this, an options trader may need to make some adjustments especially about taking early profits or exiting for a loss.

I generally determine my exits two ways; a certain percentage or based on the chart. When using a certain percentage, I determine how much percentage-wise I am winning to risk on the trade and what percentage I am looking to take profits. When using the chart, I determine at what levels I will exit my position for a loss if that area is violated and I always look to take some profit off if the stock comes into an area I deem a target area (maybe a support or resistance level).

Option traders should also think about how they will exit if their targets are not met. How will the exit or stop be determined? Once again, don’t forget to use the greeks and implied volatility in your methods because it could make the difference between profiting or losing.

Finally

All trading including option trading can be very difficult at times just like training to be a professional athlete and appear in the World Series. Not having plan in place can make it exponentially more difficult and determining exits is just one part of that plan. It helps to have courage and be dedicated to reaching your goals but a solid trading plan can go a long way towards potential success. Athletes that train without a plan are similar to option traders letting their emotions make decisions for them. Once there is well thought out plan in place and most importantly the plan is followed, an option trader removes unwanted emotions which can hinder his or her chances of being successful.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

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