Testimonials
Registrant WHOIS contact information verification

not verified

You have reached a domain that is pending ICANN verification.

As of January 1, 2014 the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) will mandate that all ICANN accredited registrars begin verifying the Registrant WHOIS contact information for all new domain registrations and Registrant contact modifications.

Why this domain has been suspended

Email address has not been verified.
This is a new domain registration and the Registrant email address has not been verified.

or

The Registrant contact data for this domain was modified but still requires verification.
Specifically the First Name, Last Name and/or email address have been changed and never verified.

If you're the site owner, reactivate your site

nicht überprüft

Sie haben eine Domäne erreicht, deren ICANN-Verifizierung noch aussteht.

Ab 1. Januar 2014 sind alle ICANN-zugelassenen Registrierungsstellen gemäß der Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) verpflichtet, die WHOIS-Kontaktdaten aller neuen Domänenregistrierungen, sowie Kontaktänderungen der Registranten zu überprüfen.

Warum diese Domäne gesperrt wurde

Die E-Mail-Adresse wurde nicht bestätigt.
Dies ist eine neue Domänenregistrierung und die E-Mail-Adresse des Registranten wurde nicht bestätigt.

oder

Die Kontaktdaten des Registranten für diese Domäne wurden geändert, und müssen noch bestätigt werden.
Insbesondere Vorname, Zuname bzw. E-Mail-Adresse wurden geändert, und wurden bisher noch nicht überprüft.

Wenn Sie Inhaber der Website sind, reaktivieren Sie Ihre Website

no verificado

Usted ha llegado a un dominio que está pendiente de verificación por parte de la ICANN.

A partir del 1 de enero de 2014 la corporación Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) exigirá a todos los registradores acreditados que realicen un procesos de verificación de la información de contacto publicada en el WHOIS, en todos los registros nuevos de dominios y cambios de titular.

Por qué se ha suspendido este dominio

La dirección de correo electrónica no se ha sido validada.
Este es un registro de dominio nuevo y la dirección de correo electrónico del titular registrado no se ha validado.

o

Los datos de contacto del titular registrado para este dominio se modificaron, pero aún están pendiente de ser validados.
Específicamente el primer nombre, apellido y/o correo electrónico han sido cambiados y todavía no han sido validados.

Si usted es el propietario del sitio, reactívelo

non vérifié

Vous êtes sur un domaine en attente de vérification.

À compter du 1er janvier 2014, l'Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) demandera à l'ensemble des bureaux d'enregistrement accrédités par l'ICANN de vérifier les informations de contact WHOIS des titulaires pour tous les nouveaux enregistrements de domaines et toutes les modifications des ces informations.

Pourquoi ce domaine a-t-il été suspendu?

L'adresse de courriel n'a pas été vérifiée.
Il s'agit de l'enregistrement d'un nouveau domaine et l'adresse de courriel du titulaire n'a pas été vérifiée.

ou

Les données de contact du titulaire pour ce domaine ont été modifiées, mais doivent néanmoins être vérifiées.
Spécifiquement, les nom, prénom et/ou adresse de courriel ont été modifiés, mais n'ont jamais été vérifiés.

Si vous êtes le propriétaire du site, réactivez-le.

não verificado

Você chegou a um domínio com verificação ICANN pendente.

Em 1º de janeiro de 2014, a Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) exigirá que todos os registradores certificados pela ICANN comecem a verificar as informações de contato WHOIS do registrante para todos os novos registros de domínio e modificações de contato do registrante.

Por que este domínio foi suspenso

O endereço de email não foi verificado.
Este é um novo registro de domínio e o endereço de email do registrante não foi verificado.

ou

Os dados de contato do registrante para este domínio foram modificados, mas ainda requerem verificação.
Especificamente o nome, o sobrenome e/ou o endereço de email foram alterados e nunca foram verificados.

Se você for o proprietário do website, reative-o.

ikke bekreftet

Du har kommet til et domene som avventer ICANN-verifisering.

Fra 1. januar 2014 vil Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) kreve at alle ICANN-akkrediterte registratorer starter bekreftelse av Registrator WHOIS kontaktinformasjon for alle nye domeneregistreringer og kontaktmodifikasjoner for registrator.

Hvorfor dette domenet har blitt avbrutt

E-psotadresse har ikke blitt bekreftet.
Dette er en ny domeneregistrering og registrators e-postadresse har ikke blitt bekreftet.

eller

Registrators kontaktdata for dette domenet ble modifisert, men krever alikevel verifisering.
Spesifikt har fornavn, etternavn og/eller e-postadresse blitt endret og aldri bekreftet.

Hvis du er sidens eier, reaktiver siden din

未验证

您访问的域正在等待 ICANN 验证。

自 2014 年 1 月 1 日起,Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) 将要求所有 ICANN 委任域名注册公司开始在注册所有新域和修改注册人联系信息时验证注册人 WHOIS 联系信息。

该域为何被挂起

电子邮件地址未验证。
这是新域注册并且注册人电子邮件地址未验证。

或者

该域的注册人联系信息已修改,但仍需验证。
特别是姓名和/或电子邮件地址已更改,但尚未验证。

如果您是站点所有者,请重新激活站点

未確認

ICANNの確認待ちのドメインに到達しました。

2014年1月1日付けで、Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(ICANN)は、すべてのICANN認定レジストラが、すべての新しいドメインの登録のための登録者のWHOIS連絡先情報と登録者連絡先の変更の確認を開始することを義務付けます。

このドメインが停止された理由は何ですか?

電子メールアドレスが確認されていません。
これは新しいドメイン登録で、登録者の電子メールアドレスが確認されていません。

または

このドメインの登録者の連絡先データは変更されましたが、まだ確認されていません。
具体的には、名、姓、および/または電子メールアドレスが変更されましたが、確認されていません。

サイトオーナーの場合は、サイトを再度アクティブにしてください

not verified

Dotarłeś na domenę, która oczekuje na weryfikację ICANN

Z dniem 1 stycznia 2014 Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) wymaga aby wszyscy akredytowani przez ICANN rejestratorzy rozpoczęli weryfikację danych abonenta, zapisanych w WHOIS, dla wszystkich nowych rejestracji domen oraz modyfikacji danych abonenta.

Dlaczego ta domena została zawieszona

Adres email nie został zweryfikowany.
Jest to rejestracja nowej domeny i adres email abonenta nie został jeszcze zweryfikowany.

lub

Dane abonenta domeny zostały zmodyfikowane, lecz nie zostały zweryfikowane.
W szczególności imię, nazwisko i/lub adres email zostały zmienione i nie zostały zweryfikowane.

Jeśli jesteś właścicielem tej domeny, możesz ją reaktywować

not verified

Il dominio è stato sospeso .

A partire dal 1 gennaio 2014, tutti i registrar accreditati ICANN - l'ente internazionale responsabile della gestione di tutti i domini di primo livello - devono verificare le informazioni di contatto WHOIS del cliente per tutte le nuove registrazioni di dominio e modifiche di contatto.

Perché questo dominio è stato sospeso

L'indirizzo email non è stato verificato.
È stata effettuata una nuova registrazione di un dominio e l'indirizzo email del proprietario non è stato verificato.

oppure

I dati di contatto del proprietario del dominio sono stati modificati ma non sono stati verificati (nome, cognome, indirizzo email).

Riattiva il tuo sito

Resend the verification email.
This will be sent to the Registrant email address populated in your WHOIS data. If you are unsure what email address is listed, please log into your account with the provider where you currently manage this domain to view and/or update the info.

Senden Sie eine neue Benachrichtigungs-E-Mail.
Diese wird an die bereits in Ihren WHOIS-Daten eingetragene E-Mail-Adresse des Registranten gesandt. Wenn Sie nicht sicher sind, welche E-Mail-Adresse aufgeführt ist, loggen Sie sich in Ihrem Konto bei dem Anbieter ein, wo Sie derzeit diese Domäne verwalten, um Ihre Daten einzusehen, bzw. zu aktualisieren.

Reenvie el correo electrónico de verificación.
Este se le enviará a la dirección de correo electrónico especificada en los datos WHOIS. Si no está seguro de que dirección de correo electrónico especificó, por favor consúltesela al registrador con el que inició los trámites de registro o bien solicite que se la modifiquen.

Renvoi du courriel de vérification.
Il sera envoyé à l'adresse du titulaire renseignée dans les données WHOIS. Si vous n'êtes pas sûr de l'adresse renseignée, connectez-vous à votre compte auprès du fournisseur via lequel vous gérez actuallement ce domaine afin de consulter et/ou de mettre à jour les informations.

Reenviar email de verificação.
Isso será enviado ao endereço de email do registrante preenchido nos dados WHOIS. Se não tiver certeza de qual endereço de email foi informado, efetue login na sua conta com o provedor em que você gerencia atualmente este domínio para visualizar e/ou atualizar as informações.

Send e-post med varsel på nytt.
Denne vil bli sendt til registrators e-postadresse fylt ut med dine WHOIS-data. Hvis du er usikker på hvilken e-postadresse som er oppført, logg inn på kontoen din med leverandøren du bruker til å forvalte dette domenet for å vise og/eller oppdatere informasjonen.

重新发送验证电子邮件。
该电子邮件将发送至您 WHOIS 数据中所填写的注册人电子邮件地址。如果不确定所填写的电子邮件地址,请在您当前管理该域的提供商处登录账户来查看和/或更新信息。

確認の電子メールを再送します。
これはWHOISデータ内に入力された登録者の電子メールアドレスに送信されます。電子メールアドレスが記載されているかどうかわからない場合は、このドメインを現在管理しているプロバイダーのアカウントにログインして、情報を確認および/または更新してください。

Wyślij ponownie email weryfikacyjny.
Email zostanie wysłany na adres email abonenta domeny widniejący w bazie WHOIS. Jeśli nie jesteś pewien, jaki to jest adres email, zaloguj się na swoje konto u rejestratora domen, u którego utrzymujesz tę domenę. Możesz tam sprawdzić adres email i/lub zaktualizować dane.

Nuovo invio dell'email di verifica.
L'email di verifica sarà inviata nuovamente all'indirizzo email del proprietario del dominio presente nei dati WHOIS. Per controllare quale sia l'indirizzo email presente nei dati WHOIS, si consiglia di accedere al proprio account sul provider che attualmente gestisce il dominio.

Click the link in the email
and your contact information will be immediately verified. We estimate the site will come back online within 24 to 48 hours.

Klicken Sie auf den Link in der E-Mail
und Ihre Kontaktdaten werden sofort bestätigt. Wir schätzen, dass die Website innerhalb 24 bis 48 Stunden wieder online sein wird.

Haga clic en el vínculo que está en el correo electrónico
y su información de contacto se verificará inmediatamente. Estimamos que el sitio volverá a estar en línea en un lapso de 24 a 48 horas.

Cliquez sur le lien dans le courriel
et vos informations de contact seront immédiatement vérifiées. Nous estimons que le site sera de nouveau disponible dans 24 à 48 heures.

Clique no link no email
e suas informações de contato serão verificadas imediatamente. Estimamos que o site volte a ficar online dentro de 24 a 48 horas.

Klikk på linken i e-posten
og kontaktinformasjonen din vil bli øyeblikkelig bekreftet. Vi anslår at siden vil være online igjen innen 24 til 48 timer.

单击电子邮件中的链接
,您的联系信息将立即验证。我们估计站点将在 24 到 48 小时内恢复联机状态。

電子メール内のリンクをクリックすると、
連絡先情報が即座に確認されます。私たちは、24~48時間以内にサイトがオンラインに戻ると予想しています。

Kliknij w link zawarty w wiadomości
a Twoje dane kontaktowe zostaną natychmiast zweryfikowane. Szacujemy, że działanie domeny będzie przywrócone w czasie od 24 do 48 godzin.

Appena riceverai l'email,
clicca sul link per verificare le informazioni. Il sito dovrebbe tornare online entro 24/48 ore.

Frequently asked questions

Why was my domain suspended?
ICANN requires that the domain registrant's contact information or changes to the registrant's WHOIS information be verified within 15 calendar days. If the data is not verified in this timeframe, ICANN mandates that the website be suspended pending the verification.

How can I remove the suspension on my domain?
The suspension of the domain will be removed after the WHOIS information is successfully verified. Please update the WHOIS information with complete and accurate contact details through your domain service provider. Once updated you will recieve a new verification email.

Once the suspension is removed, when will my website come back online?
We estimate it may take 24 to 48 hours for the website to come back online.

Who is ICANN?
ICANN is responsible for the coordination of the global Internet's systems of unique identifiers and, in particular, ensuring its' stable and secure operation. ICANN maintains policies and specifications for registrars and registrants to abide by.

What is WHOIS?
WHOIS services provide public access to data on registered domain name holders. Registered Name Holders are required to provide accurate and reliable contact details to their Registrar to update WHOIS data for a Registered Name.

Häufig gestellte Fragen

Warum wurde meine Domäne gesperrt?
ICANN schreibt vor, dass Kontaktdaten der Registranten von Domänen, oder Änderungen dieser WHOIS-Daten innerhalb von 15 Tagen überprüft werden müssen. Können die Daten in diesem Zeitraum nicht bestätigt werden, so wird die Website gemäß ICANN bis zur Verifizierung gesperrt.

Wie kann ich die Sperre von meiner Domäne entfernen?
Die Sperre der Domäne wird entfernt, sobald die WHOIS-Daten erfolgreich bestätigt sind. Bitte aktualisieren Sie über Ihren Dienstanbieter der Domäne die WHOIS-Daten mit vollständigen und genauen Kontaktdaten. Nach der Aktualisierung werden Sie eine neue Verifizierungs-E-Mail erhalten.

Wie lange dauert es nach Aufhebung der Sperre, bis meine Website wieder online ist?
Wir schätzen, dass es 24 bis 48 Stunden dauern kann, bis die Website wieder online ist.

Wer ist ICANN?
ICANN ist verantwortlich für die Koordinierung spezifischer Erkennungsmarker der globalen Systeme des Internets, und insbesondere für die Gewährleistung ihrer stabilen und sicheren Funktion. ICANN verwaltet Richtlinien und Spezifikationen, die von Registrierungsstellen und Registranten eingehalten werden müssen.

Was ist WHOIS?
WHOIS-Dienste bieten Zugang zu den Daten der registrierten Domäneninhaber. Registrierte Domäneninhaber sind verpflichtet, ihren Registrierungsstellen für registrierte Domänennamen genaue und zuverlässige Kontaktdaten zur Aktualisierung der WHOIS-Daten zur Verfügung zu stellen.

Preguntas frecuentas

¿Por qué mi dominio fue suspendido?
ICANN exige que la información de contacto de la persona que registra el dominio o cambios a la información WHOIS de la persona registrada sean validados en un plazo de 15 días. Si los datos no se verifican en este lapso de tiempo, ICANN exige que el sitio web sea suspendido en espera de la verificación.

¿Cómo puedo eliminar la suspensión de mi dominio?
La suspensión del dominio será levantada una vez que la información WHOIS sea verificada. Por favor actualice la información WHOIS con detalles precisos y completos a través de su proveedor de servicio. Una vez que se actualice, recibirá un nuevo correo electrónico de verificación.

¿Cuándo estará disponible en línea nuevamente mi sitio web una vez que se levante la suspensión?
Estimamos que el sitio web pudiera tardar de 24 a 48 horas en estar disponible en línea nuevamente.

¿Qués es ICANN?
ICANN es la organización responsable de la coordinación de los identificadores únicos de los sistemas globales de Internet y, en particular, se encarga de asegurar su operación sea segura y estable. ICANN mantiene políticas y especificaciones para su cumplimiento por parte de registradores y registrantes.

¿Qué es WHOIS?
Los servicios WHOIS proveen acceso público a los datos de los titulares de nombres de dominio registrados. Los titulares de nombres registrados deberán suministrar información de contacto precisa y fiable a su registrador para actualizar los datos WHOIS de un Nombre Registrado.

Foire aux questions

Pourquoi mon domaine a-t-il été suspendu ?
L'ICANN exige que les informations de contact du titulaire ou modifications de ses informations WHOIS soient vérifiées dans les 15 jours calendaires. Si les données ne sont pas vérifiées dans le délai imparti, l'ICANN demande la suspension du site dans l'attente de la vérification.

Comment puis-je annuler la suspension de mon domaine ?
La suspension du domaine sera annulée dès que les informations WHOIS auront effectivement été vérifiées. Veuillez mettre à jour les informations WHOIS en indiquant des coordonnées de contact complètes et précises à votre fournisseur de domaine. Vous recevrez un courriel pour la nouvelle vérification une fois que vous aurez effectué cette mise à jour.

Une fois la suspension annulée, quand mon site Web sera-t-il de nouveau en ligne ?
Nous estimons que 24 à 48 heures peuvent être nécessaires pour que le site soit à nouveau disponible.

Qu'est-ce que l'ICANN ?
L'ICANN est responsable de la coordination des systèmes d'identifiants uniques sur Internet dans le monde et, en particulier, pour en garantir la stabilité et la sécurité. L'ICANN disposent de politiques et spécifications que les bureaux d'enregistrement et titulaires doivent respecter.

Qu'est-ce que WHOIS ?
Les services WHOIS permettent au public d'avoir accès aux données relatives au titulaires de noms de domaine enregistrés. Les titulaires de noms enregistrés doivent fournir des coordonnées de contact précises et fiables à leur bureau d'enregistrement afin de permettre la mise à jour des données WHOIS pour le nom de domaine enregistré.

Perguntas frequentes

Por que meu domínio foi suspenso?
A ICANN exige que as informações de contato do registrante do domínio ou alterações a informações WHOIS do registrante sejam verificadas dentro de 15 dias corridos. Se os dados não forem verificados nesse período, a ICANN determinar que o website seja suspenso enquanto a verificação estiver pendente.

Como posso remover a suspensão do meu domínio?
A suspensão do domínio será removida depois de as informações WHOIS serem verificadas com sucesso. Atualize as informações WHOIS com detalhes de contato completos e precisos pelo seu provedor de serviço de domínio. Depois da atualização, você receberá um email de verificação.

Depois que a suspensão for removida, quando meu website voltar a ficar online?
Estimamos que possa levar de 24 a 48 horas para o website voltar a ficar online.

Quem é a ICANN?
A ICANN é responsável pela coordenação dos sistemas global de identificadores únicos da Internet e, em particular, por garantir sua operação estável e segura. A ICANN mantém políticas e especificações a serem cumpridas por registradores e registrantes.

O que é a WHOIS?
Os serviços da WHOIS fornecem acesso público aos dados em detentores de nomes de domínio registrados. Os detentores de nomes de domínio registrados devem fornecer detalhes de contato precisos e confiáveis para o registrador atualizar os dados WHOIS para um nome registrado.

Ofte stilte spørsmål

Hvorfor ble domenet mitt opphevet?
ICANN krever at domeneregistrators kontaktinformasjon eller endringer i registratorens WHOIS-informasjon må bekreftes innen 15 kalenderdager. Hvis dataene ikke bekreftes innen denne tidsrammen, krever ICANN at nettsiden oppheves i påvente av verifisering.

Hvordan kan jeg fjerne opphevingen av mitt domene?
Opphevelsen av domenet vil fjernes etter at WHOIS-informasjonen har blitt verifisert. Oppdater WHOIS-informasjonen med fullstendige og nøyaktige kontaktdetaljer gjennom din domene-leverandør. Når siden er oppdatert vil du motta en ny e-post med bekreftelse.

Når opphevingen er fjernet, når kommer nettsiden min opp igjen?
Vi anslår at det kan ta mellom 24 til 48 timer før nettsiden igjen er online.

Hvem er ICANN?
ICANN er ansvarlig for koordineringen av det globale internett-systemets unike identifikatorer, og spesielt å sirke dets stabile og sikre drift. ICANN opprettholder policyer og spesifikasjoner som registratorer og registranter må overholde.

Hva er WHOIS?
WHOIS-tjenester gir offentlig adgang til data på registrerte eiere av domenenavn. Registrerte navn-eiere må oppgi nøyaktige og pålitelige kontaktdetaljer til sin registrator for å oppdatere WHOIS-data for et registrert navn.

常见问题

我的域为何被挂起?
ICANN 要求在 15 个日历日内验证域注册人联系信息或注册人 WHOIS 信息的更改。如果数据未在此时间范围内验证,ICANN 要求将网站挂起等待验证。

如何解除域的挂起状态?
WHOIS 信息验证成功后域的挂起状态将解除。请使用完整准确的详细联系信息通过您的域服务提供商更新 WHOIS 信息。更新完成后,您将收到一封新的验证电子邮件。

挂起状态解除后,我的网站何时恢复联机状态?
我们估计大约需要 24 到 48 小时网站即可恢复联系状态。

谁是 ICANN?
ICANN 负责全球协调全球互联网的唯一标识符系统,特别是确保其稳定和安全运行。ICANN 维护注册公司和注册人都需要遵守的政策和规范。

什么是 WHOIS?
WHOIS 服务使公众可访问有关注册域名持有者的数据。注册域名持有者需要向其注册公司提供准确可靠的详细联系信息以便更新注册域名的 WHOIS 数据。

よくある質問

ドメインが停止した理由は何ですか?
ICANNは、ドメインの登録者の連絡先情報または登録者のWHOIS情報への変更が15暦日以内に確認されることを要求します。この時間枠内にデータが確認されない場合、ICANNは、確認されるまで、ウェブサイトの停止を命じます。

どのようにすればドメインの停止を解除できますか?
ドメインの停止は、WHOIS情報が適切に確認された後、解除されます。 ドメインサービスプロバイダーを介して、WHOIS情報を完全かつ正確な連絡先情報で更新してください。更新したら、新しい確認の電子メールを受け取ります。

停止が解除されたら、いつウェブサイトはオンラインに戻りますか?
私たちは、ウェブサイトがオンラインに戻るのに24~48時間かかる可能性があると予想しています。

ICANNとは誰ですか?
ICANNは、ユニークな識別子のある世界中のインターネットのシステムの調整に責任を負い、その安定した、安全な稼働を確保します。ICANNは、レジストラと登録者が遵守すべき方針と仕様を維持します。

WHOISとは何ですか?
WHOISのサービスは、登録済みのドメイン名ホルダーに関するデータへの公共のアクセスを実現します。登録名ホルダーは、レジストラに正確で信頼できる連絡先情報を提供して、登録名のWHOISデータを更新する必要があります。

Często zadawane pytania

Dlaczego moja domena została zawieszona?
ICANN wymaga aby każde dane abonenta domeny lub zmiany wprowadzone do danych abonenta zapisanych w bazie WHOIS były zweryfikowane w ciągu 15 dni kalendarzowych. Jeśli dane nie zostaną zweryfikowane w tym czasie, ICANN wymaga aby serwis internetowy został zawieszony do momentu zakończenia weryfikacji.

Jak mogę usunąć blokadę mojej domeny?
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February 19, 2015

Your Overall Option Delta

Delta is probably the first greek an option trader learns and is focused on. In fact it can be a critical starting point when learning to trade options. Simply said, delta measures how much the theoretical value of an option will change if the stock moves up or down by $1. A positive delta means the position will rise in value if the stock rises and drop in value of the stock declines. A negative delta means the opposite. The value of the position will rise if the stock declines and drop in value if the stock rises in price. Some traders use delta as an estimate of the likelihood of an option expiring in-the-money (ITM). Though this is common practice, it is not a mathematically accurate representation.

The delta of a single call can range anywhere from 0 to 1.00 and the delta of a single put can range from 0 to -1.00. Generally at-the-money (ATM) options have a delta close to 0.50 for a long call and -0.50 for a long put. If a long call has a delta of 0.50 and the underlying stock moves higher by a dollar, the option premium should increase by $0.50. As you might have derived, long calls have a positive delta and long puts have a negative delta. Just the opposite is true with short options—a short call has a negative delta and a short put has a positive delta. The closer the option’s delta is to 1.00 or -1.00 the more it responds closer to the movement of the stock. Stock has a delta of 1.00 for a long position and -1.00 for a short position.

Taking the above paragraph into context, one may be able to derive that the delta of an option depends a great deal on the price of the stock relative to the strike price of the option. All other factors being held constant, when the stock price changes, the delta changes too.

What many traders fail to understand is that delta is cumulative. A trader can add, subtract and multiply deltas to calculate the delta of the overall position including stock. The overall position delta is a great way to determine the risk/reward of the position. Let’s take a look at a couple of examples.

Let’s say a trader has a bullish outlook on Apple (AAPL) when the stock is trading at $128 and purchases 3 March 130 call options. Each call contract has a delta of +0.40. The total delta of the position would then be +1.20 (3 X 0.40) and not just 0.40. For every dollar AAPL rises all factors being held constant again, the position should profit $120 (100 X 1 X 1.20). If AAPL falls $2, the position should lose $240 (100 X -2 X 1.20) based on the delta alone.

Using AAPL once again as the example, lets say a trader decides to purchase a March 130/135 bull call spread instead of the long calls. The delta of the long $130 call is once again 0.40 and the delta of the short $135 call is -0.22. The overall delta of the position is 0.18 (0.40 – 0.22). If AAPL moves higher by $3, the position will now gain $54 (100 X 3 X 0.18) with all factors being held constant again. If AAPL falls a dollar, the position will suffer a $18 (100 X -1 X 0.18) loss based on the delta alone.

Calculating the position delta is critical for understanding the potential risk/reward of a trader’s position and also of his or her total portfolio as well. If a trader’s portfolio delta is large (positive or negative), then the overall market performance will have a strong impact on the traders profit or loss.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

January 22, 2015

Hedging Risk in Potential Take-Over Stocks

Several days ago, there was a rumor that Samsung was planning on acquiring smartphone maker BlackBerry Limited (BBRY) and the stock shot up over 25%. The rumors so far have failed to materialize. That being said, let’s look at an made-up example of a take-over and a way to use options to capture the possible move. A $50 stock is rumored to be taken out at $55. Looks like a nice spec trade right? You go to the option chain to look for some calls to buy and you notice that the options have gotten pretty expensive. Implied volatility has skyrocketed. Sometimes implied volatility can make options so expensive that even if the trade goes your way the profit is just not there–but the risk is. So, what’s an options trader to do?

One solution can be to buy a bull call spread instead of the outright call. The rationale? It’s called hedging–hedging volatility premium. Whenever you buy options, you’re getting long implied volatility. If implied volatility is expensive, the options are expensive too. And if implied volatility subsequently falls after you make the trade, those options drop in value too. So, what if you both buy and sell an option to create a spread? Let’s look at the two legs of a bull call spread

Bull Call Spread – Long Leg

A bull call spread is when a trader buys one call and sells another that has a higher strike price. Look at it as two trades. The long call would be the one you might buy if you were to spec on the take-over stock. In the case of a take over, this call likely has high implied volatility as the market scrambles to buy up calls, making it pricey.

Bull Call Spread – Short Leg

Because there is a target price in which the take-over target is expected to be bought, you only need exposure up to a certain point–the take-over price. Why not sell a call at or above the expected take-over price? You’re not giving up upside. But you are taking in (expensive) premium to hedge the (expensive) premium you’re buying with the long call leg. It’s a perfect spread.

Example

Let’s look at this in terms of absolute risk. A stock currently trading for $50 is rumored for take over at $55. News is expected within a couple of weeks.

Buy 1 February 50 call at $4

Sell 1 February 55 call at $2

Net debit $2

Max loss = $2 (That’s better than just buying the 50 calls outright)

Max gain = $3 (That’s the $5 spread minus the $2 premium)

Break even = $52 (That’s $50 strike plus $2 spread premium)

Here the max loss/max gain ratio of the spread is 2:3. The max loss/max gain ratio of the outright call would be 4:1 (Remember, you expect the stock only to rise to $55). The spread looks better so far. Let’s look at the break evens. The spread break-even is $52. The outright call’s break even is $54. Better still.

Wrap Up

With all option strategies, there are opportune times when they offer an advantage over an alternative strategy. Bull call spreads and take-over candidates are a natural fit. Traders always need to look for ways to construct the smartest position in terms of risk-reward.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

October 15, 2014

Debit Spread Versus Credit Spread

Students in my Group Coaching class as well as my one-on-one students ask me all the time how do you decide between buying a debit spread and selling a credit spread? This is inherently a discussion that could fill a thick book so I will just try to give you a few thoughts to consider.

Risk and Reward

A debit spread such as a bull call spread or a bear put spread is considered to have a better risk/reward ratio then a credit spread such as a bull put spread or a bear call spread. Usually the reason is because the debit spread is implemented close to where the stock is currently trading with an expected move higher or lower. A credit spread is many times initiated out-of-the-money (OTM) in anticipation the spread will expire worthless or close to worthless. For example, if a stock is trading at $50 and an option trader expects the stock to move about $5 higher the trader could buy a 50 call and sell a 55 call. If the 50 call cost the trader $5 and $3 was received for selling the 55 call, the bull call (debit) spread would cost the trader $2 (also the maximum loss) and have a maximum profit of $3 (5 (strike difference) – 2 (cost)) if the stock was trading at or above $55 at expiration. Thus the risk/reward ratio would be 1/1.5.

If the option trader was unsure if the $50 stock was going to move higher but felt the stock would at least stay above a support area around $45 the trader could sell a 45 put and buy a 40 put. If a credit of $1 was received for selling the 45 put and it cost the trader $0.50 to buy the 40 put, a net credit would be received of $0.50 for selling the bull put (credit) spread. The maximum gain for the spread is $0.50 if the stock is trading at $45 or higher at expiration and the maximum loss is $4.50 (5 (strike difference) – 0.50 (premium received)) if the stock is trading at or below $40 at expiration. Thus the risk reward ratio would be 9/1.

Probability

The risk/reward ratio on the credit spread does not sound like something an option trader would strive for does it? Think of it this way though, the probability of the credit spread profiting are substantially better than the debit spread. The debit spread most certainly needs the stock to move higher at some point to profit. If the stock stays at $50 or moves lower, the calls will expire worthless and a loss is incurred from the initial debit ($2). With the credit spread, the stock can effectively do three things and it would still be able to profit. The stock can move above $50, trade sideways and even drop to $45 at expiration and the credit spread would expire worthless and the trader would keep the initial premium received ($0.50). I like to say OTM credit spreads have three out of four ways of making money and debit spreads usually have one way depending on how the spread is initiated.

Implied Volatility

Another thing to consider when considering either a debit or credit spread is the implied volatility of the options. In general, when implied volatility is low, options are “cheap” which may be advantageous for buying options including debit spreads. When options are “expensive”, it may be advantageous to sell options including credit spreads. Option traders that are considering selling a credit spread should also take into account if the implied volatility is perceived as being high. Just the opposite, option traders that are considering buying a debit spread prefer the implied volatility to be low. As a general rule of thumb, I look at the 30-day IV over the last year and make note of the 52-week high and 52-week low. If the current 30-day IV is below 50% (closer to the 52-week low), I look at it is more of an advantage to do a debit spread over a credit spread. If the current 30-day IV is above 50% and closer to the 52-week high, I look at it as an advantage to implement a credit spread over a debit spread. I will not change my outlook like switching to a debit spread from a credit spread because the IV is relatively low. If this is the case, an option trader should maybe consider looking somewhere else for profit.

There are several factors to consider when choosing between a debit spread and a credit spread. The risk/reward of the spread, the probability of the trade profiting, the implied volatility of the options and the outlook for the underlying are just a few to consider. A trader always wants to put the odds on his or her side to increase the chances if extracting money from the market.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

October 1, 2014

Long Calls and Bull Call Spreads

With the Dow and S&P 500 falling just off their all-time highs recently and yet refusing to move much lower at this point, it probably makes sense to keep at least a few bullish trade ideas in your trading stable. The market is due for some type of bigger correction, but who knows when that will happen. Even if it does pullback sooner than later, there will be another bullish opportunity at some point rest assured. Traders often ask me is there a way that you can take advantage of this bullish investing scenario while limiting risk? Certainly, there are a few option strategies that can accomplish this goal. One that may be a better option compared to the rest is a debit call spread which is sometimes referred to as a bull call spread.

Definition

When implementing a bull call spread, an option trader purchases a call option at one strike and sells the same number of calls on the same stock at a higher strike with the same expiration date. Here is a trade idea we looked at in Group Coaching just about a month ago. In late August, Tesla Motors (TSLA) moved up to a resistance area right around $260, formed a bullish base and then closed above resistance at around $263. With implied volatility (IV) generally being low at the time, which is advantageous for purchasing options as with a bull call spread, and a directional bias, a bull call spread was considered.

The Math

The trader’s maximum profit in the bull call spread is limited; he can make as much as the difference between the strike prices less the net debit paid. For simplicity, let’s assume that at the time one September 265 call was purchased for 8.00 and one September 270 call was sold for 6.00 resulting in a net debit of $2 (8 – 6). The difference in the strike prices is $5 (270 – 265). He would subtract $2 from $5 to end up with a maximum profit of $3 per contract. So if he traded 10 contracts, he could make $3,000 (10 X 300).

Although he limited his upside, the trader also limited the downside to the net debit of $2 per contract. To simply breakeven, the stock would have to trade at $267 (the strike price of the purchased call (265) plus the net debit ($2)) at expiration.

Advantage Versus Purchasing a Call

When trading the long call, a trader’s downside is limited to the net premium paid. If he simply purchased the out-of-the-money September 265 call, he would have paid $8. The potential loss is, therefore, greater when implementing a call-buying strategy. If he had moved to a call with a longer time frame to expiration, he would have even paid more for the option. This would also increase his potential loss per option.

Conclusion

By implementing a bull call spread, traders can hedge their bets; limiting the potential loss. This is the advantage when comparing to purchasing a call outright. Remember that there are no sure-fire ways to make money by using options. However, knowing and understanding the strategy is a good way to limit losses.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

September 17, 2014

Long Calls and Bull Call Spreads

With the Dow and S&P 500 falling just off their all-time highs recently and yet refusing to move much lower at this point, it probably makes sense to keep at least a moderately bullish bias towards many stocks. The market is due for some type of pullback, but who knows when that will happen. Even if it does pullback sooner than later, there will be another bullish opportunity at some point rest assured. Traders often ask me is there a way that you can take advantage of this bullish investing scenario while limiting risk? Certainly, there are a few option strategies that can accomplish this goal. One that may be a better option compared to the rest is a debit call spread which is sometimes referred to as a bull call spread.

Definition

When implementing a bull call spread, an option trader purchases a call option at one strike and sells the same number of calls on the same stock at a higher strike with the same expiration date. Here is a trade idea we looked at in Group Coaching just a couple of weeks ago. Tesla Motors (TSLA) moved up to a resistance area right around $260, formed a bullish base and then closed above resistance at around $263. With implied volatility (IV) generally being low, which is advantageous for purchasing options as with a bull call spread, and a directional bias, a bull call spread can be considered.

The Math

The trader’s maximum profit in the bull call spread is limited; he can make as much as the difference between the strike prices less the net debit paid. For simplicity, let’s assume that at the time one September 265 call was purchased for 8.00 and one September 270 call was sold for 6.00 resulting in a net debit of $2 (8 – 6). The difference in the strike prices is $5 (270 – 265). He would subtract $2 from $5 to end up with a maximum profit of $3 per contract. So if he traded 10 contracts, you could make $3,000 (10 X 300).

Although he limited his upside, the trader also limited the downside to the net debit of $2 per contract. To simply breakeven, the stock would have to trade at $267 (the strike price of the purchased call (265) plus the net debit ($2)) at expiration.

Advantage Versus Purchasing a Call

When trading the long call, a trader’s downside is limited to the net premium paid. If he simply purchased the out-of-the-money September 265 call, he would have paid $8. The potential loss is, therefore, greater when implementing a call-buying strategy. If he had moved to a call with a longer time frame to expiration, he would have even paid more for the option. This would also increase his potential loss per option.

Conclusion

By implementing a bull call spread, traders can hedge their bets; limiting the potential loss. This is the advantage when comparing to purchasing a call outright. Remember that there are no sure-fire ways to make money by using options. However, knowing and understanding the strategy is a good way to limit losses.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

May 15, 2014

Delta and Your Overall Position

Delta is probably the first greek an option trader learns and is focused on. In fact it can be a critical starting point when learning to trade options. Simply said, delta measures how much the theoretical value of an option will change if the stock moves up or down by $1. A positive delta means the position will rise in value if the stock rises and drop in value of the stock declines. A negative delta means the opposite. The value of the position will rise if the stock declines and drop in value if the stock rises in price. Some traders use delta as an estimate of the likelihood of an option expiring in-the-money (ITM). Though this is common practice, it is not a mathematically accurate representation.

The delta of a single call can range anywhere from 0 to 1.00 and the delta of a single put can range from 0 to -1.00. Generally at-the-money (ATM) options have a delta close to 0.50 for a long call and -0.50 for a long put. If a long call has a delta of 0.50 and the underlying stock moves higher by a dollar, the option premium should increase by $0.50. As you might have derived, long calls have a positive delta and long puts have a negative delta. Just the opposite is true with short options—a short call has a negative delta and a short put has a positive delta. The closer the option’s delta is to 1.00 or -1.00 the more it responds closer to the movement of the stock. Stock has a delta of 1.00 for a long position and -1.00 for a short position.

Taking the above paragraph into context one may be able to derive that the delta of an option depends a great deal on the price of the stock relative to the strike price of the option. All other factors being held constant, when the stock price changes, the delta changes too.

An important thing to understand is that delta is cumulative. A trader can add, subtract and multiply deltas to calculate the delta of the overall position including stock. The overall position delta is a great way to determine the risk/reward of the position. Let’s take a look at a couple of examples.

Let’s say a trader has a bullish outlook on Apple (AAPL) when the stock is trading at $590 and purchases 3 June 590 call options. Each call contract has a delta of +0.50. The total delta of the position would then be +1.50 (3 X 0.50) and not 0.50. For every dollar AAPL rises all factors being held constant again, the position should profit $150 (100 X 1 X 1.50). If AAPL falls $2, the position should lose $300 (100 X -2 X 1.50).

Using AAPL once again as the example, lets say a trader decides to purchase a 590/600 bull call spread instead of the long calls. The delta of the long $590 call is once again 0.50 and the delta of the short $600 call is -0.40. The overall delta of the position is 0.10 (0.50 – 0.40). If AAPL moves higher by $5, the position will now gain $50 (100 X 5 X 0.10). If AAPL falls a dollar, the position will suffer a $10 (100 X -1 X 0.10) loss.

Calculating the position delta is critical for understanding the potential risk/reward of a trader’s position and also of his or her total portfolio as well. If a trader’s portfolio delta is large (positive or negative), then the overall market performance will have a strong impact on the traders profit or loss.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

 

 

April 3, 2014

Different Option Strategies on AAPL

Compared to trading stocks, there are so many more strategies available to an option trader. But more importantly: Do you know why there are so many different types of options strategies? This is the real reason of our discussion and why getting a proper options education can help a trader better understand all of those strategies and when and how to use them.

Different options strategies exist because each one serves a unique purpose for a unique market condition. For example, take bullish AAPL traders. The stock has recently moved higher after declines in January and February. There are traders who continue to be extremely bullish on AAPL as it heads closer to its earnings announcement and want to get more bang for their buck and buy short-term out-of-the-money calls. This might not be the most prudent way to capture profits but that is a discussion for another time. Less bullish traders might buy at- or in-the-money calls. Traders bullish just to a point may buy a limited risk/limited reward bull call spread. If implied volatility is high (which it currently is not but it has been rising) and the trader is bullish just to a point, the trader might sell a bull put spread (credit spread), and so on.

The differences in options strategies, no matter how apparently minor, help traders exploit something slightly different each time. Traders should consider all the nuances that affect the profitability (or potential loss) of an option position and, in turn, structure a position that addresses each difference. Traders need to consider the following criteria:

  • Directional bias
  • Degree of bullishness or bearishness
  • Conviction
  • Time horizon
  • Risk/reward
  • Implied volatility
  • Bid-ask spreads
  • Commissions
  • And more

Carefully defining your outlook and intentions and selecting the best options strategies makes all the difference in a trader’s long-term success. Leaving money on the table with winners, or taking losses bigger than necessary can be unfortunate byproducts of selecting inappropriate options strategies. With spring hopefully ending soon (cold and snowy winter here in Chicago)and supposedly the volatile markets, now is a great time to spend optimizing your options strategies over the next few weeks to build the habit heading into the summer season!

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

November 21, 2013

Long Calls and Bull Call Spreads in AAPL

Purchasing a Call vs. Bull Call Spread

With the Dow and S&P 500 at all-time highs recently, it probably made sense to have at least a moderately bullish bias towards many stocks. The market is due for some type of pullback but whose to say it won’t continue on its bullish pace. Even if it does pullback sooner than later, there will be another bullish opportunity at some point. Is there a way that you can take advantage of this bullish investing scenario while limiting risk? Certainly, there are a couple. One that may be a better option compared to the rest is the bull call spread. To learn to trade this strategy and more in detail please visit our website for details.

Definition

When implementing a bull call, a trader purchases call options at one strike and sells the same number of calls on the same company at a higher strike with the same expiration date. Let’s use Apple Inc. (AAPL) which is currently trading around $515 as an example. In this case you would purchase December calls at the 515 at-the-money strike at the ask price of $13. You would then sell the same number of December calls with a higher strike price, in this case 535 at the bid, $4.

The Math

The trader’s maximum profit in the bull call spread is limited; he can make as much as the difference between the strike prices less the net debit paid. For simplicity, let’s assume that he purchased one December 515 call and sold one December 535 call resulting in a net debit of $9 (that’s $13 – $4). The difference in the strike prices is $20 (535 – 515). He would subtract 9 from 20 to end up with a maximum profit of $11 per contract. So if he traded 10 contracts, you could make $11,000.

Although he limited his upside, the trader also limited the downside to the net debit of $9 per contract. To simply breakeven, the stock would have to trade at $524 (the strike price of the purchased call (515) plus net debit ($9)) at expiration.

Advantage versus Purchasing a Call

When trading the long call, a trader’s downside is limited to the net premium paid. If he simply purchased the at-the-money December 515 call he would have paid $14. The potential loss is, therefore, greater when implementing a call-buying strategy. If he had moved to a call with a longer time frame to expiration, he would have even paid more for the option. This would also increase his potential loss per option.

Conclusion

By implementing a bull call spread, traders can hedge their bets – limiting the potential loss. This is the advantage when comparing to purchasing a call outright. Remember that there are no sure-fire ways to make money by using options. However, knowing and understanding the strategy is a good way to limit losses.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

April 11, 2013

Trading a Long Call or Trading a Bull Call Spread AAPL

Purchasing a Call vs. Bull Call Spread
With the market moving higher at unprecedented levels recently, it probably made sense to have at least a moderately bullish bias towards many stocks. The market is due for some type of pullback but whose to say it won’t continue on its bullish pace. Is there a way that you can take advantage of this bullish investing scenario while limiting risk? Certainly, there are a couple. One that may be a better option compared to the rest is the bull call spread. To learn to trade this strategy and more in detail please visit our website for details.

Definition
When implementing a bull call, a trader purchases call options at one strike and sells the same number of calls on the same company at a higher strike with the same expiration date. Let’s use Apple Inc. (AAPL) which is currently trading around $435 as an example. In this case you would purchase May calls at the 435 at-the-money strike at the ask price of $18. You would then sell the same number of May calls with a higher strike price, in this case 455 at the bid, $10.

The Math
The trader’s maximum profit in the bull call spread is limited; he can make as much as the difference between the strike prices less the net debit paid. For simplicity, let’s assume that he purchased one May 435 call and sold one May 455 call resulting in a net debit of $8 (that’s $18 – $10). The difference in the strike prices is $20 (455 – 435). He would subtract 8 from 20 to end up with a maximum profit of $12 per contract. So if he traded 10 contracts, you could make $12,000.

Although he limited his upside, the trader also limited the downside to the net debit of $8 per contract. To simply breakeven, the stock would have to trade at $443 (the strike price of the purchased call (435) plus net debit ($8)) at expiration.

Advantage versus Purchasing a Call
When trading the long call, a trader’s downside is limited to the net premium paid. If he simply purchased the at-the-money May 435 call he would have paid $18. The potential loss is, therefore, greater when implementing a call-buying strategy. If he had moved to a call with a longer time frame to expiration, he would have even paid more for the option. This would also increase his potential loss per option.

Conclusion
By implementing a bull call spread, traders can hedge their bets – limiting the potential loss. This is the advantage when comparing to purchasing a call outright. Remember that there are no sure-fire ways to make money by using options. However, knowing and understanding the strategy is a good way to limit losses.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

September 20, 2012

Bull Call Spread vs. Purchasing a Call on AAPL

Bull Call Spread vs. Purchasing a Call

Let’s say that you have a moderately bullish bias toward a stock and the overall market is slightly bullish. Is there a way that you can take advantage of this investing scenario while limiting risk? Certainly, there are a few. One that is often superior to the rest is the bull call spread. To learn to trade more option strategies, please visit our website.

Definition

When executing a bull call, you purchase call options at one strike and sell the same number of calls on the same company at a higher strike with the same expiration date. Let’s use Apple Inc. (AAPL) which is currently trading around $700 as an example. In this case you would purchase October calls at the 700 at-the-money strike at the ask price of $20. You would then sell the same number of October calls with a higher strike price, in this case 720 at the bid, $11.

The Math

Your maximum profit in the bull call spread is limited, you can make as much as the difference between the strike prices less the net debit paid. For simplicity, let’s assume that you purchased one October 700 call and sold one October 720 call resulting in a net debit of $9 (that’s $20 – $11). The difference in the strike prices is $20 (720 – 700). You, therefore, subtract 9 from 20 to end up with a maximum profit of $11 per contract. So, if you traded 10 contracts, you could make $11,000.

Although you limited your upside, you also limited the downside to the net debit of $9 per contract. To simply breakeven, the stock would have to trade at $709 (the strike price of the purchased call (700) plus net debit ($9)).

Advantage versus Purchasing a Call

When trading the long call, your downside is limited to the net premium paid. If you simply purchased the at-the-money October 700 call you would have paid 20. The potential loss is, therefore, greater when employing a call-buying strategy. If you move to a call with a longer time frame to expiration, you would pay even more for the option. This would also increase your potential loss per option.

Conclusion

By implementing a bull call spread, you have hedged your bets – limiting the potential loss. This is the advantage when comparing to purchasing a call outright. Remember that there are no fool-proof ways to make money by using options. However, knowing your strategy is a good way to limit losses.

John Kmiecik

Senior Options Instructor

Market Taker Mentoring

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